Pet Education


 It may look like jail to you, but to the dog that has been trained from puppyhood to use it, a crate becomes a favorite place, the dog's own haven. Crates should be pleasant places and should never be used for discipline. Crate training facilitates house training and reduces potential destructive behaviour.

1) Before starging crate training, place soft bedding, a food treat, and an interesting toy inside the crate. Leave the door open initially.

2) Using a tasty treat and the verbal command "Go to your crate," entice the puppy into its new home. Leave the door open so that the puppy can leave the crate at any time.

3) Once the puppy has become accustomed to the crate, it will continue to use it without any prompting from you.

4) While the puppy plays contentedly, close the crate door for a few minutes. Keep the crate in a busy place like the kitchen.

5) A relaxed puppy falls asleep in the security of its crate. Fully crate-trained puppies should not be left in crates for more than two hours during the day, and should be exercised before confinement.

Having become accustomed to its crate, a puppy is content to be confined to a playpen. Some dogs, especially adopted ones, have a more difficult time with crate confinement, but this rarely happens with puppies.



Some dogs can be house trained quickly, while others take much longer, it depends on the personality of the dog. If you have an adult dog that has never been house trained, treat it as you would a new puppy. Never punish your dog for making a mistake in your home. Reprimanding your pet after it has an accident only teaches it to be nervous and wary of you. You want to make sure you have a strong, trusting bond always with your dog as this will facilitate any training as your dog will always want to please you. Instead of reprimanding your puppy, anticipate when your dog needs to go potty. After your dog wakes up, eats, or plays, take it to the place that you have chosen for it to relieve itself. and always clean up after it. Avoid accidents in the home by restricting your dog to the crate, until you have taken it out to eliminate. Keep an eye on your puppy when they are out of the crate so you can anticipate their potty needs. Your pup will usually circle and sniff the ground when it needs to go. As your dog relieves itself, use words like "go potty" then praise him/her. Soon your dog will eliminate when you say the words, "go potty," on command. This means in the future when you are in a hurry to leave your house you can say these words and your dog will understand what you need him to do quickly.

Timing: Most dogs actively avoid soiling thier personal quarters. Restrict the puppy to its crate whenever you are busy and provide it with a toy to chew. Carefully monitor the puppy's crate time, taking it out to relieve itself when necessary. Make sure that the crate is the correct size for the puppy; if it is too big the puppy may soil it.

Paper Training: Training the puppy to use pee pads indoors can be confusing to it, since it learns that eliminating indoors is acceptable. Whenever possible train the puppy to eliminate in an outdoor area, but when circumstances dictate that you use pee pads indoors, follow the same crate restrictions and let the puppy out onto its pee pad.

Anticipation: The dog that suddenly puts its nose down and sniffs intently is usually signaling that it is about to eliminate.

Instant Praise: When taking the puppy outside, keep its attention on you by talking to it or showing it toys, to ensure that there are no accidents on the way. Say "go potty" as the puppy eliminates, then praise it for its good behaviour.

Create Routines: A puppy will need to eliminate after sleeping and playing, and especially after eating or being restricted to its crate. As a general rule, remember that a three month old puppy needs to eliminate every 3 hours.

Pointless Punishment: Control your temper while house training your puppy. Scoulding the dog is pointless unless you actually see it eliminating indoors. If you do, say "no" sternly, move the puppy to its designated spot, and praise it. Prevent accidents from happening by constantly supervising the puppy. If direct supervision is not possible, it is best to keep the puppy in its crate.

The Good News! When you do all the work up front (when they are puppies) they will be trained for life! Lots of watching and taking them outside early in their lives will pay off in the long run. You will have a clean house. Who doesn't love that, aaaah.


Discusting Dog Habits

Eating dog droppings: Eatings its own or other dog droppings can be a dangerous habit. This dog can pick up intestinal parasites. It can also create a bacterial overgrowth condition in their intestines, resulting in chronic diarrhea. Always clean up after your dog in the backyard, but to help eliminate the behaviour, leave a recently passed stool and taint it with Tabasco sauce. Dogs will find the peppery sauce unpleasant.


Your Dog's Mind

Dogs are similar to humans in that they need both companionship and mental and physical stimulation to achieve their potential. They respond well to rewards and develop bad habits when bored. They're always learning, whether they are being trained or not. Good habits or bad. However, dogs are not people in disguise. Every dog has its own unique personality, level of intelligence, attention span and their trainability will vary individually. People have breed various dogs to have more of the wolf's personality traits and other breeds to have less. Overall, the dog is our best animal friend because it is willing to live within a human pack and has a strong desire to communicate with us. 

Your dog thinks in a very logical way which is much simpler than humans. Like the dogs ancestor the wolf, they are pack animals. They respect and respond to their pack leader and are primarily interested in survival and comfort. Within the dogs family each individual falls into a pecking order, if you will. All the humans who are in the dogs pack therefore should be above their dog in terms of pecking order otherwise, problems may arise. To a dog, survival means food. In terms of training, this means that they often respond to food as a reward for good behaviour.

Within the family the dog must have a human as the pack leader. Dogs respond to the pack leader and will obey him or her. Listening to humans is important in order for the dog to be safe, secure and follow the social norms of the family. Few dogs want to become pack leaders. The vast majority feel safe, secure, and content knowing that there is someone in command. This means that they are looking for you to be their leader. A pack leader within a dog group will monitor the other dogs behaviour and let them know what the norms are and when they are being broken. You'll do the same as their leader. One way for you to become the pack leader is by doing basic training with your dog. For instance, you can work on basic skills such as sit, stay, come etc. By doing this sort of basic training you are sending the dog the message that you are the leader of the pack because you are telling the dog what to do, just like withing the dog pack. Each obedience training reinforces and teaches dogs to respond to commands given by humans and to see them as the leader. You can add to the basic, sit, stay etc. by asking your dog to do other things such as, to sit in his bed when the family is eating and to sit when he is presented his dog bowl. By adding to the list of commands you are reinforcing your leadership. Obviously, keeping in mind that your dog is not a robot and enjoys making his/her own choices within safe bounderies.

Dogs seek comfort. If you let your puppy sit on the furniture in your home, it will always think it is allowed to sit there. You can avoid this problem by providing your dog with its own comfortable personal space. Show your dog what you want him to do and praise him for doing it.

Mental stimulation.   Dogs need mental as well as, physical stimulation. Providing your dog with a small selection of unique toys to play with teaches it to chew only certian items. Most dogs live boring and predictable lives so try to change up where you go on walks to add some fun.

Rewarding good behaviour. Always reward good behaviour, but do not expect your dog to respond the first time you issue a command. However, dogs soon learn to associate certian words with specific reactions and rewards.

Small dogs. From birth large dogs require more food, so food is an effective reward. Smaller dogs require less food, so it may be a less powerful reward. Small breeds are often more selective eaters than larger ones. In this case you may need to find some especially tempting reward such as chopped-up hot dogs or cheese, which generally works well.

Social gatherings. Make sure your puppy is properly socialized with other dogs when it is young. If it is not, it may feel secure only with human companions when it matures. Dogs who enjoy other dogs company have a lot of fun and it also means you will be able to take him to the park for exercise.

Personal space. Like wolves, dogs instinctively defend their pack's territory. Dogs learn to recognize the perimeters of their human family's territory, whether it is the car, the home, or the garden, and will defend it.


 Breed Differences

For at least 10 thousand years , humans have been involved in dog breeding. Dogs were originally bred for their behaviours and abilities. In the last 200 years they have been primarily bred for size, coat and colour. Humans have perpetuated breed differences in behavour. Specific breeds are associated with certian aspects of behaviour, and some types of dogs are more predisposed toward training than others. 

Nordic Breeds 

The nordic or spitz group of dogs includes the Husky, Elkhound, Japanese Akita, and Chow Chow. These dogs have powerful shoulders and dense coats, which they shed abundantly. They have tremendous stamina and are quite independent and aloof.

Herding Breeds

Collies, shepherd dogs, and cattle dogs evolved to work on teams with shepherds and farmers. Originally bred for their stamina and to nip at the heels of livestock, they are loyal and energetic. They bark when they are excited and have a tendency to nip.

Guarding Dogs

Mountain dogs such as the Bernese and Great Pyrenees were bred to guard the flocks of sheep in the absence of the shepherd. They are relaxed but independent canines, with a tendency to be overprotective. Breeds such as dobermans and boxers were bred for protection.

Slight Hounds

Greyhounds, Whippets, Deerhounds, Afghan Hounds and Salukis are all built for speed. Sometimes aloof and distant, sight hounds are not overwhelmingly demonstrative dogs.

Sporting dogs

Setters, Pointers, Spaniels, and especially retriever, were all bred to be cooperative and to respond to human commands. As a result, they are often particularily affectionate dogs.


Scent Hounds

Bloodhounds, Basset Hounds and Beagles were originally bred to follow a scent, work in packs, and howl signals to their masters. They communicate well with other dogs and are able to follow the weakest trails.


Originally developed to chase small game and vermin, most terriers are small, robust diggers with powerful barks. They rarely back down when challenged and are the breeds most likely to snap and nip.

Companion Dogs

Toy dogs such as Chihuahuas, Tibetan breed, small poodles and spaniels, bichons have always been bred for companionship. They thrive on affection and human contact.


Personality Types

Although each breed of dog has its own general personality profile, ultimately every dog is unique. While some dogs are extroverts and like to be the centre of attention, others are more submissive. Both types of dogs can be trained well, but different approaches are needed. Where your dog has come from and what it has experienced early in life will also affect its ability to be trained, as well its sex. Neutered dogs and females between seasons are easiest to train, while unneutred male dogs are the least responsive.

Dominant and Confident

Some dog, regardless of breed, have naturally confident personalities. Male dogs tend to be more dominant and confident than females. The dominant dog is most likely to resist training.

Submissive and Insecure

Dogs with submissive personalities can be overwhelmend when commanded to obey. These dogs require a slow and gentle approach during training, so you should not issue commands too harshly.

Easily Distracted

Some dogs are more interested in playing with other dogs than in obeying their owners. Often these dogs were not properly socialized with people when they were puppies. It is best to train these dogs on their own at first, rather than in a class.

Cooperative and Responsive

The dogs that are easiest to train are those that have natural curosity and an affinity with humans. Dogs that explore and listen when spoken to respond most quickly to training.


Teach your dog to walk nicely on-leash

The Basic Method: 

First you will need to teach your dog to respond to a specific signal like, clicking your tougue.

  • STOP immediatly when the leash becomes tight or is about to become tight.
  • WAIT 2 seconds and stand still and say nothing.
  • MAKE the clicking sound with tongue.


 When your dog starts to turn his head to look at you.

  • PRAISE him
  • WALK a couple of steps in another direction so the dog follows
  • REWARD the dog for following by saying "good boy" or by providing a treat

Repeat these steps everytime you want to change direction of when your dog is about to pull.

Begin working on this where there are no distractions. Later work on this where there are distractions like cars and squirels and other dogs.

If your dog loses concentration it is because he is tired. It is likely that you have worked on training him for too long. Start out with only a few minutes and work up to 5 minutes and beyond. The ability to concentrate can vary with age.

As training continues, start giving treats a little less and less often. Every second and third time.


Training your puppy to come

Train when your puppy is hungry and alert. Divide his meal into 10 portions, and throughout the day entice it to his bowl of food by using its name with the command "Come."

Indoor Training

Bring your pup to a hallway where there are no distractions. Stand a short distance away. Hold out a treat so he can see. Say the puppies name and as he comes towards you say "Come".

As the puppy comes towards you, praise him, by saying "good dog!". Encourage him to come to you with your body language. Bend down and open your arms.

When he comes to you, give him the treat and pet him.

Outdoor Training

When the puppy is fully trained to come to you indoors then you can move to the outdoors. Outdoors there will be more distractions. Keep him on a long leash and practice the exercise.

Don't use the leash to reel in the puppy rather encourage him to come to you for the reward. If your puppy losses concentration then you can give a quick jerk to the leash. From a distance, a toy might be more noticable than a treat.

If your puppy does not respond well to treats then try a sqeaky toy.